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Water Sector Policy Database (WSPD)

Policy Detail Information
Policy Name: New Housing Policy and Strategy for South Africa 1994

Open Policy Document Open Policy Document
This document has been opened: 917 times to date.
Date Of Release: 06 Jan 2004
Date Of Expected Review:
Date Last Updated: 21 Sep 2010
Policy Type: White paper
Policy Level: National
Department: Department of Human Settlement
Contact Name: Richard Thatcher
Phone Number: 012 421 1629
Fax Number: 012 421 1629
Directorate: Policy & Legislation
Contact Name: Richard Thatcher
Phone Number: (012) 421 1629
Fax Number: (012) 421 1629
Topics covered:
Other Policies and Strategies Impacting on WS/WR
Policy Precis:

Housing the Nation is one of the greatest challenges facing the Government of National Unity. The extent of the challenge derives not only from the enormous size of the housing backlog and the desperation and impatience of the homeless, but stems also from the extremely complicated bureaucratic, administrative, financial and institutional framework inherited from the previous government. This White Paper marks the beginning of a process. For the first time in its history, South Africa now has a policy framework for all of its citizens. The approach adopted has been the search for the creation of an enabling environment, and not for the publication of a new set of rules. It aims to contribute to the certainty required by the market, as well as give the Provincial and Local Governments their capacity to fulfil their Constitutional obligations. Throughout the document, a partnership between the various tiers of government, the private sector and the communities is envisaged. This is seen as a fundamental prerequisite for the sustained delivery of housing at a level unprecedented in the history of this country. It requires all parties not only to argue for their rights, but also to accept their respective responsibilities. One of the greatest initial challenges facing all role players is the creation of a public environment conducive to attracting the necessary private investment, both of the household as well as that of the institutions. Our collective success in achieving this productive climate will be the essential foundation for removing the blight of homelessness - one of the most visible and destructive legacies of the past. Success in meeting the housing challenge will be one of the cornerstones of rebuilding our social structures and regenerating the economy. This White Paper also marks the end of a process. From its inception in 1992, the National Housing Forum has played a seminal role in creating the conditions necessary for a national consensus in housing, most visibly evident at the National Housing Summit in Botshabelo on the 27 October 1994. Out of this consensus, the people of South Africa now have the task of harnessing the skills, resources and energy that the nation has in abundance, and directing it to the task at hand. We believe that of all of our resources, nothing compares with the latent energy of the people. The housing programme must be designed to unleash that energy, not only to get the houses onto the ground, but also to give meaning to the notion of a people centred development.

Section Summary

  Section Number Section Heading Section Description
1 Preamble
2 Housing and the Economy Introduction; Macro-economic Performance: Economic Growth; The Distribution of Income; Employment; Investment; Savings; The Fiscal Deficit; Inflation; The Balance of Payments; Policy Implications
3 The Current Housing Context Statistical Profile of Housing in South Africa: Demographic profile of South Africa; Income Profiles; Living Conditions, Existing Housing Stock and Rate of Supply; Access to Basic Services; Summary. Existing Housing Conditions in South Africa: Present Housing Backlog; Conditions of Tenure. Existing Constraints to Resolving South Africa`s Housing crisis: Scale of the Housing Problem; Structure of South Africa`s Human Settlements; Institutional Framework; Policy Framework; End-User Finance and Subsidies; Land and Planning Issues; The Housing Construction Sector; Sociological Issues; Economic Issues; Summary. Opportunities Prevalent in the Housing Environment: Participative Policy Development Processes; Acknowledgement of Importance of Housing in the RDP; Well Developed Infrastructure; Potential Resources for Housing; Economic Factors. Recent & Current Policy Development Processes in Housing: Housing in the Interim Phase; Present National Housing Forum/Department of Housing Relationship: Joint Technical Committees; Relationship with the Provinces
4 Proposed National Housing Strategy Introduction; National Housing Vision; National Housing Goal; Basic Points of Departure: Sovereignty of the Constitution; Housing as a Basic Human Right; The Role of the State; People-centred Development; Freedom of Choice; Non-discrimination. Underlying Policy Approaches and Considerations: Housing and Economic Empowerment; Sustainability and Fiscal Affordability; Hostels; Special Needs Housing; Urban and Rural Balance; Housing and the RDP; Consumer Protection and Education; Accountability and Monitoring. Overall Approach to Ensuring Housing Delivery: Stabilizing the Housing Environment; Supporting the Housing Process; Mobilising Housing Credit; Mobilising Savings; Subsidies; Institutional Arrangements; Land; Coordinated Development
5 Key Substantive Approaches and Interventions Stabilising the Housing Environment: General Strategy; Prioritization of Reconstruction Areas. Institutional Arrangements: Government; Role of Provincial Government; Role of Local, Rural and Metropolitan Government; Statutory Advisory and Policy Execution Bodies; The State Corporate and Parastatal Sector; The Private Sector; Community and Civil Society; Non-Governmental organizations. Subsidies: Eligibility; Focus on the Poor; Tenure; Market Anomalies; Subsidy Mechanism; Subsidy Programmes; Levels of Subsidy; A National Subsidy Standard; Subsidies and Rural Housing. Savings: Housing Credit; Major Banks; Non-Traditional Lenders (NTRLs); Facilitating the Provision of Housing Credit. Housing Support. Land and the Housing Development Process: Overall Policy Approach; Substantive policy approaches; Land Development and Land Use Control; Land Registration and Tenure Systems; Mechanisms for Resolving Conflicts - Land Delivery Process; Policy Approach: Disposal of Publicly-owned Land for Low-income Housing. Infrastructure, Service Standards and Tariffs: Institutional Framework and Role of Sectors; Standards; Technology Choice and Infrastructure Costs; Cost-Recovery and Tariffs

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