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Water Sector Policy Database (WSPD)

Policy Detail Information
Policy Name: Strategy for sanitation services for informal settlements

Open Policy Document Open Policy Document
This document has been opened: 2 347 times to date.
Date Of Release: 09 Oct 2007
Date Of Expected Review: 09 Oct 2009
Date Last Updated: 15 May 2008
Policy Type: Strategies and Guidelines
Policy Level: National
Department: Department of Water Affairs: Water Services Policy and Strategy
Contact Name: Mbentse Bekubuhle / Ndlovu Siboniso
Phone Number: 012 336 7451 / 336 7391
Fax Number: 012 336 6560
Email: /
Directorate: National Sanitation Programme
Contact Name: Mirriam Ngoatje
Phone Number: (012) 336 6587
Fax Number: (012) 336 4344
Topics covered:
WS/WR Policies and Strategies
Policy Precis:

The guideline aims to provide guidance to municipalities to formulate an appropriate local strategy and an implementation plan for sanitation services in informal settlements, taking into account the policy principles of the Policy on Basic Household Sanitation (2001). The guideline should aid decision-making by local authorities when planning services to informal settlement areas within their jurisdiction. In particular the guideline should provide a framework for the allocation of responsibilities as well as procedures for sanitation delivery to low income informal settlements.

Section Summary

  Section Number Section Heading Section Description
1. The Context for Sanitation Delivery to Informal Settlements This section details the general issues faced in providing sanitation to informal settlements. The social considerations when planning sanitation in informal settlements are covered. In addition, the health and hygiene issues are discussed. Further considerations discussed in this section are institutional and related considerations, land use and related considerations, technology related considerations, financial related considerations, water quality management

The guideline covers the following policy principles which needs to be taken account of by planners. Sanitation improvement must be responsive to community aspirations but with a two way responsibility agreement, supported by an intensive health and hygiene awareness programme , community participation, integrated planning and development, sanitation is about environment and health, the development of improved sanitation services must link to municipal policies dealing with poverty.

2. The Formulation of a Strategy to Address Sanitation Services in Informal Settlements This section covers how to develop a sanitation strategy. The most important aspect to consider when developing such a strategy is to consider the permanency of the settlement. Other facts to consider would be the promotion of security of tenure, economic growth of the settlement, environmental impacts and the current land ownership of the land in question. Guidance is provided on how to deal with each of the possible scenarios.

Technical options for each level of service are provided. These options list decision factors such as technical options, capital costs, recurrent costs (O&M), job creation potential, availability of water, ground conditions (difficulty of construction), ground conditions (poor drainage), operational requirements and settlement layout.

Considerations with regarding the funding of sanitation projects of this nature are provided.

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