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Water Sector Policy Database (WSPD)

Policy Detail Information
Policy Name: National Sanitation strategy

Open Policy Document Open Policy Document
This document has been opened: 4 097 times to date.
Date Of Release: 01 Jun 2003
Date Of Expected Review: 01 Jun 2007
Date Last Updated: 14 Feb 2007
Policy Type: Strategies and Guidelines
Policy Level: National
Department: Department of Water Affairs: Water Services Policy and Strategy
Contact Name: Mbentse Bekubuhle / Ndlovu Siboniso
Phone Number: 012 336 7451 / 336 7391
Fax Number: 012 336 6560
Email: /
Directorate: National Sanitation Programme
Contact Name: Mirriam Ngoatje
Phone Number: (012) 336 6587
Fax Number: (012) 336 4344
Topics covered:
Draft Legislations, Policies, Strategies,guidelines,etc.
Policy Precis:

The document describes the National Sanitation Strategy. The overall vision of the National Sanitation Strategy is to achieve the goals of improved health, safety and dignity of communities through provision of adequate sanitation for all South Africans. The strategy has the objective of mobilising resources at all government and community levels to eliminate the backlog by 2010. The strategy seeks to table the agreed delivery approaches, technical options and resource allocations and to seek full support from all stakeholders.

The strategy is intended to be implemented by all stakeholders in sanitation delivery in order to reach the goals of accelerated sanitation delivery leading to the universal coverage in South Africa as per the stated objectives of government.

Section Summary

  Section Number Section Heading Section Description
1. Strategy Context This first section comprises Chapters 1 to 4, mainly setting the scene by discussing the sanitation problem in South Africa in the context of Global and African situations and highlighting the extend of the problem and key measures already put into place to address it.

The section discusses the Millenium Development Goals as they impact upon sanitation as well as the capacity of the country to address sanitation needs.

The section also puts the roles and responsibilities of sanitation role players into perspective to emphasise the multi-sectoral nature of sanitation and to make a case for concerted efforts to ensure continuous coordination and championing of the programme if success is to be achieved. Roles and responsibilities are accorded to the National Sanitation Task Team, national and provincial government, local government and community role players. The document dwells on aspects of coordinating and integrating the responses from all of these sectors.
2. Implementation Strategy The next section comprising Chapters 5 to 10 are the core of the implementation strategy. It discusses key issues in sanitation delivery and makes recommendations in each case for successful implementation of the programme if the expected targets are to be met. A discussion of other sanitation programmes such as emergency sanitation projects is also made.

The section covers the need for national, provincial and local government to plan for sanitation delivery. It deals with project level planning and institutional planning.

Funding for sanitation is dealt with in the document. It describes the main source of the funding as being the MIG grant and discusses the need for adequate funding of health and hygiene education as well as operational costs for any sanitation project. Responsibilities for funding are allocated as well as sanitation targets to be achieved by 2010.

Implementation models are presented in the document. Each model is described with recommendations which will ease the adoption of each model being presented.

Regulation of the sanitation sector is covered in this section. This includes the need for regulation, the responsibility for regulating the sector as well as providing adequate resources for effective implementation.

The second last element of this section is monitoring of sanitation delivery. Responsibilities are assigned in this regard as well as the split is responsibility for monitoring between the DWAF Head Office and the regional offices.

The final element in this section is the institutional arrangements that would be required for the effective delivery of sanitation to communities. This element covers the roles of Water Services Authorities, Water Services Providers, Public Private Partnerships and Self Help Initiatives.
3. Strategy Actions Plan and Conclusion The last section consists of Chapters 11 to 12 contains a strategy action plan and a summary of conclusions.

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