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WATER IS LIFE, SANITATION IS DIGNITY

Water Sector Policy Database (WSPD)

Policy Detail Information
Policy Name: Water Supply and Sanitation Policy White Paper – November 1994

Open Policy Document Open Policy Document
This document has been opened: 829 times to date.
Date Of Release: 01 Nov 1994
Date Of Expected Review:
Date Last Updated: 15 Feb 2007
Policy Type: White paper
Policy Level: National
Department: Department of Water Affairs: Water Services Policy and Strategy
Contact Name: Mbentse Bekubuhle / Ndlovu Siboniso
Phone Number: 012 336 7451 / 336 7391
Fax Number: 012 336 6560
Email: MbentseB@dwa.gov.za / Ndlovus2@dws.gov.za
Directorate: National Sanitation Programme
Contact Name: Mirriam Ngoatje
Phone Number: (012) 336 6587
Fax Number: (012) 336 4344
Email: NgoatjeM@dwa.gov.za
Topics covered:
WS/WR Policies and Strategies
Policy Precis:

The purpose of the White Paper is to:
  • Provide some historical background regarding water supply and sanitation development in South Africa;
  • Explain the development approach which has guided policy formulation;
  • Put forward certain basic policy principles;
  • Outline the institutional framework proposed for water supply and sanitation services;
  • Provide standards and guidelines for basic service delivery;
  • Set out policy for the financing of services;
  • Outline certain immediate initiatives which are being taken;
  • Provide supplementary policy and briefing information on important related topics.<
The following policy principles are outlined:
  • Development should be demand driven and community based,
  • Basic services are a human right,
  • “Some for all” rather than “all for some”,
  • Equitable regional allocation of development resources,
  • Water has economic value,
  • The user pays,
  • Integrated development,
  • Environmental integrity.
The various institutional roles of National, provincial and local government are outlined. The role other institutional stakeholders such as water boards and local water committees is also discussed. Basic adequate services are defined in the legislation as potable water supply of 25 l/person/day within 200 m cartage distance, and a ventilated improved pit latrine. The financing and implementation of the basic services policy is also discussed.

Section Summary

  Section Number Section Heading Section Description
A INTRODUCTION Water and Sanitation : Central to Reconstruction and Development; A New Department Of Water Affairs and Forestry; Scope and Purpose of the White Paper
B BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT A QUESTION OF EQUITY; THE HISTORY OF WATER DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA; INSTITUTIONAL FRAGMENTATION; DEVELOPMENT APPROACH: Reconstruction and development. NO EASY ROAD
C WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION POLICY POLICY PRINCIPLES; INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK: Institutional goals; The role of Central Government ;The role of Provincial Governments; The role of Local Government; The role of the National Water Advisory Council; The role of the Private Sector; The role of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs); The role of International Co-operation. BASIC SERVICE PROVISION POLICY: Water supply; Sanitation; Training and capacity building. FINANCE AND TARIFF POLICY: Financial policy; Tariff policy
D IMMEDIATE INITIATIVES REGIONAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION OFFICES; THE EXPANDED ROLE OF WATER BOARDS; LOCAL WATER COMMITTEES - SUPPORTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL DEMOCRACY; NATIONAL SANITATION STRATEGY; MONITORING AND INFORMATION: Monitoring, performance auditing and regulatory functions; Information and decision support systems
E SUPPLEMENTARY POLICY AND BRIEFING INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY POLICY: Women - the focus of development; Water and the environment; Water research; Managing droughts and other disasters; Irrigation boards. BRIEFING INFORMATION: Water as a natural resource; Water rights and the law; The sanitation issue
F SUMMARY OF MAIN POLICY POINTS AND CONCLUSION

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