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Water Sector Policy Database (WSPD)

Policy Detail Information
Policy Name: White Paper On Integrated Pollution And Waste Management For South Africa

Open Policy Document Open Policy Document
This document has been opened: 1 152 times to date.
Date Of Release: 17 Mar 2000
Date Of Expected Review:
Date Last Updated: 30 Jan 2007
Policy Type: White paper
Policy Level: National
Department: Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism
Contact Name: Switchboard
Phone Number: 012 310 3911
Fax Number: 012 322 2476
Directorate: Chief Directorate
Contact Name:
Phone Number:
Fax Number:
Topics covered:
Other Policies and Strategies Impacting on WS/WR
Policy Precis:

The vision of the government is: to develop, implement and maintain an integrated polution and waste management system which contributes to sustainable development and a measurable improvement in the quality of life, by harnessing the energy and commitment of all South Aficans for the effective prevention, minimisation and control of pollution and waste. The government aims to: encourage the prevention and minimisation of waste generation, and thus pollution at source; encourage the management and minimisation of the impact of unavoidable waste from its generation to its final disposal; ensure the integrity and sustained “fitness for use” of all environmental media, i.e. air, water and land; ensure that any pollution of the environment is remediated by holding the responsible parties accountable; ensure environmental justice by integrating environmental considerations with the social, politicaI and development needs and rights of all sectors, communities and individuals; and prosecute non-compliance with authorisations and legislation.

The overarching principles of this White Paper on Integrated Pollution and Waste Management for South Africa are those of the Constitution and Bill of Rights, as well as those in the National Environmental Management Act (as per those in Appendix 2). In addition, the following three principles specific to pollution and hazardous waste management have been adopted: Transboundary movement: Potential transboundary effects on human health and the environment will be taken into account;. Duty-of-care principle: Any institution which generates waste is always accountable for the management and disposal of this waste and will be penalised appropriately for any and every transgression committed; Universal applicability of regulatory instruments: All industrial, agricultural, domestic, household and governmental operations in South Africa will be subject to the same integrated pollution and waste management regulatory system.

Section Summary

  Section Number Section Heading Section Description
1 INTRODUCTION Definition of Integrated Pollution and Waste Management; Scope and Purpose of the White Paper; Vision for the Policy; Purpose of the Policy; Policy Principles; Why is an Integrated Pollution and Waste Management Policy necessary?; The Integrated Pollution and Waste Management Policy Development Process; National Waste Management Strategy and Action Plans
2 SETTING THE CONTEXT The International Context: Global concern about pollution; South Africa as part of the world economy; International obligations and agreements. The National Context: The Constitution; White Paper on Environmental Management Policy for South Africa; Reconstruction and Development Programme; Growth, Employment and Redistribution Macroeconomic Strategy; Legislation
3 KEY ISSUES Water Pollution: Salinisation of fresh waters; Enrichment of fresh water bodies by nutrients; Microbiological quality of water; Sediment and silt migration; Harmful inorganic and organic compounds; Diffuse water pollution; Marine pollution. Air Pollution: Industrial and domestic fuel consumption; Dust problems; Vehicle emissions; Air quality management; Noise pollution. Land Pollution. Pollution and Wrote: Lack of priority afforded to waste management; Fragmented legislation and ineffective enforcemen;t Unacceptable safety, health and environment practices for pollution and waste management; The absence of integrated waste management options; Insufficient involvement and empowerment of people
4 APPROACHES TO INTEGRATED POLLUTION AND WASTE MANAGEMENT Shift to Prevention: Achieving prevention and minimization; Benefit of the shift to pollution prevention; Implications of the shift. Approaches and Issues Relating to Policy Implementation: Water pollution; Air pollution; Land pollution; Waste; Integration; Education and training; Public participation; Policy Criteria
5 STRATEGIC GOALS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE POLICY Achieving Policy Goals and Objectives; Strategic Goals of the Policy: Goal 1: Effective institutional framework and legislation; Goal 2: Pollution prevention, waste minimisation, impact management and remediation; Goal 3: Holistic and integrated planning; Goal 4: Participation and partnerships in integrated pollution and waste management governance; Goal 5: Empowerment and education in integrated pollution and waste management; Goal 6: Information management; Goal 7: International cooperation
6 GOVERNANCE Constitutional Setting; White Paper on Environmental Management Policy for South Africa; Role of Government: National government; Provincial and Iocal government; Authorisations; Impact management through ambient standards; Monitoring; Regulatory instrument; Capacity building; Information systems; Research and development. Roles of Civil Society: National Environment Advisory Forum; Business and industry; Labour; Community based organizations; Non-governmental organizations; The public; Appeals and complaints
7 THE WAY FORWARD Administrative Action; National Waste Management Strategy; Legislative Amendments and Implementation of Legislation
APPENDICES Appendix 1: International Convention, Agreement, Treaties and Protocol which Pertain to Pollution and Wrote Management; Appendix 2: Principles from the White Paper on Environmental Management Policy for South Africa; Appendix 3: Glossary of Terms and Abbreviation Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

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